Sandusky, MI

A caring community with quality services that focuses on people, where a business and community partnership creates opportunities for all.”


Table of Contents
City of Sandusky Zoning Ordinance

ARTICLE 1 ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT 1–1

Section 1.01 Intent and Purpose 1-1

Section 1.02 Scope 1-2

Section 1.03 Short Title 1-2

Section 1.04 Enabling Authority 1-2

Section 1.05 Authority, Duties and Responsibilities. 1-3

Section 1.06 Zoning Permits 1-7

Section 1.07 Compliance Required 1-8

Section 1.08 Fees and Performance Guarantees 1-9

Section 1.09 Violations and Penalties 1-10

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ARTICLE 2 ZONING DISTRICTS 2-1

SECTION 2.100 PURPOSE OF DISTRICTS 2-1

Section 2.101 Zoning Districts 2-1

Section 2.102 Zoning Map 2-1

Section 2.103 Single-Family Residential (R-1) District.2-2

Section 2.104 Multiple-Family Residential (RM) District 2-2

Section 2.105 Manufactured Housing Park (MHP) District 2-2

Section 2.106 Neighborhood Business (NB) District. 2-3

Section 2.107.1 Community Business (CB1) District 2-3

Section 2.107.2. Community Business (CB2) District 2-4

Section 2.108 General Business (GB) District. 2-4

Section 2.109 Industrial-Research (I-1) District 2-5

Section 2.110 General Industrial (I-2) District 2-5

SECTION 2.200 GENERAL STANDARDS 2-6

Section 2.201 Principal Uses and Special Uses 2-6

Section 2.202 Prohibited Uses 2-6

Section 2.203 Design and Development Requirements 2-6

Section 2.204 District Boundaries 2-6

Section 2.205 Street, Alley and Railroad Rights-of-Way 2-6

Section 2.206 Zoning of Annexed Areas. 2-7

Section 2.207 Zoning of Vacated Areas 2-7

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ARTICLE 3 LAND USE TABLE 3-1

Section 3.01 Key Designations in Table of Uses 3-1

Section 3.02 Table of Permitted Uses by District 3-2

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ARTICLE 4 DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS 4-1

Section 4.101 Table of Dimensional Standards by District 4-1

SECTION 4.200 SUPPLEMENTAL PROVISIONS OR EXCEPTIONS 4-3

Section 4.201 Lot Area 4-3

Section 4.202 Front Yards 4-3

Section 4.203 Side Yards 4-4

Section 4.204 Rear Yards 4-4

Section 4.205 Height Exceptions 4-4

Section 4.206 Permitted Yard Encroachments 4-5

Section 4.207 Area and Yard Regulations 4-6

Section 4.208 Frontage and Access Required 4-6

Section 4.209 Corner Clearance Area 4-6

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ARTICLE 5 USE STANDARDS 5-1

Section 5.001 Intent and Scope of Regulations 5-1

Section 5.002 Organization 5-1

SECTION 5.100 RESIDENTIAL USES 5-2

Section 5.101 Accessory Dwelling Units 5-2

Section 5.102 Bed and Breakfast Inns 5-3

Section 5.103 Foster Care Group Homes, Congregate Facilities, and Other

Managed or State Licensed Residential Facilities 5-4

Section 5.104 Group Child Day Care Homes 5-4

Section 5.105 Home Occupations 5-5

Section 5.106 Manufactured Housing Parks 5-7

Section 5.107 Multiple-Family Dwellings and Developments 5-13

Section 5.108 Senior and Elderly Housing. 5-14

Section 5.109 Single-Family and Two-Family Dwellings. 5-16

SECTION 5.200 OFFICE, SERVICE, AND COMMUNITY USES 5-18

Section 5.201 Catering Facilities 5-18

Section 5.202 Cemeteries 5-18

Section 5.203 Child or Adult Day Care Center or Child Caring Institution 5-18

Section 5.204 Funeral Parlor or Mortuary 5-19

Section 5.205 Hospital or Urgent Care Center 5-20

Section 5.206 Institutional Uses 5-20

Section 5.207 Recreation, Private or Restricted Access 5-20

Section 5.208 Therapeutic Massage 5-21

Section 5.209 Veterinary Clinics 5-22

Section 5.210 Workshops and Studios 5-22

SECTION 5.300 COMMERCIAL USES 5-24

Section 5.301 Amusement Centers 5-24

Section 5.302 Bakeries 5-24

Section 5.303 Big Box Commercial Uses 5-24

Section 5.304 Car Wash 5-25

Section 5.305 Drive-in or Drive-through Lane or Facility 5-26

Section 5.306 Farm Market 5-27

Section 5.307 Hotel or Inn 5-28

Section 5.308 Motion Picture Cinemas 5-28

Section 5.309 Motor Vehicle Service Centers, Repair Stations, and

Fueling Stations 5-28

Section 5.310 Outdoor Cafes and Eating Areas 5-30

Section 5.311 Open Air Businesses and Outdoor Display Areas 5-30

SECTION 5.400 INDUSTRIAL, RESEARCH AND LABORATORY USES 5-32

Section 5.401 Hazardous Materials Storage 5-32

Section 5.402 Intensive Industrial Operations 5-33

Section 5.403 Outdoor Storage, General 5-33

Section 5.404 Outdoor Storage, Dismantling or Recycling of Motor Vehicles,

Recreational Vehicles, Manufactured Houses, and Similar Items. 5-34

Section 5.405 Recycling Collection Facilities and Composting Centers 5-35

Section 5.406 Self-Storage Warehouse 5-36

Section 5.407 Slaughter Houses, Rendering Plant, Stockyard or Similar Facility 5-37

Section 5.408 Warehouses and Other Storage Facilities, Distribution Plants,

Freezers and Lockers, Truck Terminals, and Distribution Facilities 5-38

SECTION 5.500 OTHER USES 5-39

Section 5.501 Adult Entertainment Uses and Sexually Oriented Businesses 5-39

Section 5.502 Airports, Heliports, and Related Uses. 5-42

Section 5.503 Kennel or Animal Shelter 5-42

Section 5.504 Produce Stands. 5-43

Section 5.505 Temporary Construction Structures and Uses 5-43

Section 5.506 Topsoil Removal and Stockpiling 5 - 44

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ARTICLE 6 BUILDING FORM AND COMPOSITION. 6-1

Section 6.01 Purpose 6-1

Section 6.02 Scope 6-1

Section 6.03 General Requirements 6-2

Section 6.04 Standards for Exterior Façade Materials 6-3

Section 6.05 Additional Standards for the NB and CB1and CB2 Districts 6-4

Section 6.06 Alternative Designs or Materials 6-7

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ARTICLE 7 PARKING, LOADING, AND ACCESS MANAGEMENT 7-1

Section 7.01 Purpose. 7-1

Section 7.02 Scope 7-1

Section 7.03 General Standards 7-1

Section 7.04 Residential Parking Standards 7-2

Section 7.05 Schedule of Required Parking by Use 7-3

Section 7.06 Design Requirements 7-7

Section 7.07 Construction 7-10

Section 7.08 Off-Street Loading 7-10

Section 7.09 Modification of Standards 7-11

Section 7.10 Maintenance 7-13

Section 7.11 Access Management. 7-13

Section 7.12 Traffic Impact Studies 7-14

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ARTICLE 8 SCREENING AND LAND USE BUFFERS 8-1

Section 8.01 Purpose 8-1

Section 8.02 Scope 8-1

Section 8.03 General Standards 8-1

Section 8.04 Methods of Screening 8-4

Section 8.05 Standards for Specific Areas 8-6

Section 8.06 Prohibited Plant Materials 8-9

Section 8.07 Installation. 8-9

Section 8.08 Maintenance 8-10

Section 8.09 Exceptions 8-10

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ARTICLE 9 SIGNS 9-1

Section 9.01 Purpose 9-1

Section 9.02 General Standards 9-1

Section 9.03 Signs Allowed Without a Permit 9-4

Section 9.04 Signs Allowed With a Permit 9-6

Section 9.05 Building-Mounted Signs. 9-8

Section 9.06 Ground Signs 9-9

Section 9.07 Billboards 9-10

Section 9.08 Prohibited Signs 9-11

Section 9.09 Sign Permit 9-12

Section 9.10 Nonconforming Signs 9-13

Section 9.11 Sign Removal by City Action 9-14

Section 9.12 Exceptions 9-16

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ARTICLE 10 EXTERIOR LIGHTING 10-1

Section 10.01 Purpose. 10-1

Section 10.02 Scope 10-1

Section 10.03 General Provisions 10-1

Section 10.04 Standard by Type of Fixture 10-3

Section 10.05 Prohibited Lighting 10-4

Section 10.06 Exempt Lighting. 10-4

Section 10.07 Alternatives and Substitutions 10-4

Section 10.08 Exceptions 10-5

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ARTICLE 11 SPECIAL DEVELOPMENT PROVISIONS 11-1

Section 11.01 Approval of Land Divisions 11-1

Section 11.02 Protection of Wetlands and Bodies of Water 11-1

Section 11.03 Water Supply and Sewers 11-1

Section 11.04 Sidewalks 11-1

Section 11.05 Residential Open Spaces Preservation Option 11-2

Section 11.06 Wireless Communication Facilities 11-5

Section 11.07 Performance Standards 11-13

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ARTICLE 12 PROCEDURES AND STANDARDS 12-1

Section 12.01 Site Plan Review 12-1

Section 12.02 Special Uses 12-11

Section 12.03 Public Hearing Procedures 12-16

Section 12.04 Amendments 12-18

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ARTICLE 13 CONDOMINIUM REGULATIONS 13-1

Section 13.01 Purpose 13-1

Section 13.02 Condominium Unit Requirements 13-1

Section 13.03 Review Requirements 13-2

Section 13.04 Required Plan Information 13-4

Section 13.05 Project Standards 13-5

Section 13.06 Monuments 13-7

Section 13.07 Post Construction Requirements. 13-8

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ARTICLE 14 PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENTS 14-1

Section 14.01 Intent 14-1

Section 14.02 Scope 14-1

Section 14.03 Eligibility Criteria 14-1

Section 14.04 Regulatory Flexibility 14-2

Section 14.05 Project Use Standards 14-3

Section 14.06 Project Design Standards 14-5

Section 14.07 Project Phasing 14-7

Section 14.08 Required Application Information 14-8

Section 14.09 Pre-Application Conference 14-8

Section 14.10 PUD Review Procedures 14-9

Section 14.11 Effect of Approval 14-12

Section 14.12 Outside Agency Permits and Approvals 14-12

Section 14.13 Revision to Approved Plans. 14-12

Section 14.14 Zoning Board of Appeals Authority 14-12

Section 14.15 Expiration of Final PUD Approval. 14-12

Section 14.16 Performance Guarantees 14-13

Section 14.17 Compliance Required 14-13

Section 14.18 Rescinding Approval of a PUD. 14-13

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ARTICLE 15 GENERAL PROVISIONS 15-1

SECTION 15.100 ACCESSORY STRUCTURES AND USES 15-1

Section 15.101 Accessory Structures 15-1

Section 15.102 Fences 15-3

Section 15.103 Swimming Pools, Spas, and Hot Tubs 15-5

SECTION 15.200 OTHER PROVISIONS 15-10

Section 15.201 Open Parking and Storage 15-10

Section 15.202 Access Through Yards 15-10

Section 15.203 Property Maintenance 15-11

Section 15.204 Property Between the Lot Line and Road 15-11

Section 15.205 Voting Place 15-11

Section 15.206 Essential Services 15-11

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ARTICLE 16 NONCONFORMITIES 16-1

Section 16.01 Intent. 16-1

Section 16.02 Scope 16-1

Section 16.03 Nonconforming Structures 16-2

Section 16.04 Nonconforming Lots. 16-3

Section 16.05 Nonconforming Sites 16-3

Section 16.06 Nonconforming Uses 16-4

Section 16.07 Preferred Class Designations 16-5

Section 16.08 Nonconforming Use Determinations 16-7

Section 16.09 Unlawful Uses 16-9

Section 16.10 Change of Tenancy or Ownership 16-9

Section 16.11 Recording of Nonconforming Uses 16-9

Section 16.12 Cessation of Nonconformities by Township Action 16-9

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ARTICLE 17 PLANNING COMMISSION 17-1

Section 17.01 Authority 17-1

Section 17.02 Jurisdiction 17-2

Section 17.03 Rules of Procedure 17-2

Section 17.04 Duties 17-2

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ARTICLE 18 ZONING BOARD OF APPEALS 18-1

Section 18.01 Authority 18-1

Section 18.02 Membership 18-1

Section 18.03 Alternates 18-1

Section 18.04 Hearings and Decisions. 18-2

Section 18.05 Rules of Procedure 18-2

Section 18.06 Applications 18-3

Section 18.07 Administration Appeals. 18-3

Section 18.08 Interpretation of Zoning District Boundaries 18-4

Section 18.09 Interpretation of Zoning Ordinance Provisions 18-4

Section 18.10 Variances 18-5

Section 18.11 Temporary Uses 18-7

Section 18.12 Exceptions 18-10

Section 18.13 Limitations of Authority 18-10

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ARTICLE 19 DEFINITIONS 19-1

Section 19.01 Rules of Construction 19-1

Section 19.02 Definitions 19-2

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ARTICLE 20 SEVERABILITY, REPEAL, EFFECTIVE DATE, AND ADOPTION 20-1

Section 20.01 Severability 20-1

Section 20.02 Repeal of Previous Ordinances 20-1

Section 20.03 Adoption 20-1

Section 20.04 Effective Date 20-1

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